Nagarhole has the highest congregation of Asian elephant in the world (at Kabini back water)
Nagarhole is exactly located on the junction where the table land of Deccan plateau climbs up on to the Western Ghats Mountains about 90km west of Mysore city. Thus Nagarahole tiger reserve is situated at the foot hills of Brahmagiri hill range (eastern range) of Western Ghats. Nagarahole tiger reserve is surrounded by Wayanad wildlife sanctuary on the Southwest border and by Kabini reservoir on the South-eastern side which further connects to Bandipur Tiger reserve. On the Northern side, it is bordered by Devmachi, Maukal and Anechowkur reserved forests followed by Dubare and Doddaharave reserve forest. The Western side of the tiger reserve is surrounded by private coffee estates and all along the Eastern side there are large number of villages and agricultural lands.
Nagarhole Tiger Reverve includes the following 8 ranges
Nagarahole is a home to 45 tribal settlements locally known as "Haadis" having 1703 families with a population of 6579 nos. These are indigenous Dravidian adivasi (Tribals) belonging to Jenukuruba, Bettakuruba, Yerava, Paniya and soliga communities, who as per 1891 madras census report are part of large group of descendants of pallavas who were inhabiting the then vast forest tract which is now known as "Nilgiri Biosphere". These tribes are famous for growing indigenous strains of rice called "Doddi" which act as their staple food in those days. Further, they are experts in Kumri cultivation (shifting cultivation), performance of Khedda operations (Trapping wild pachyderms), honey collections, weaving bamboo baskets and hunting habits regulated by their traditions.